The reference site for Lorazepam

Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan among others, is a benzodiazepine medication. It is used to treat anxiety disorders, trouble sleeping, active seizures including status epilepticus, for surgery to interfere with memory formation, sedate those who are being mechanically ventilated, alcohol withdrawal, and chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting.

WHAT IS LORAZEPAM?

Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan among others, is a benzodiazepine medication.[2] It is used to treat anxiety disorders, trouble sleeping, active seizures including status epilepticus, for surgery to interfere with memory formation, sedate those who are being mechanically ventilated, alcohol withdrawal, and chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting

Brand Name(s): Ativan

CAS nº: 846-49-1

(lor a’ ze pam)

Product Info

The sections below will provide you with more specific information and guidelines related to lorazepam and its correct use. Please read them carefully.

FDA Information

Lorazepam is an FDA-approved medication that is used to treat panic disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), and anxiety associated with depression.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Lorazepam is used to relieve anxiety, nervousness, and tension associated with anxiety disorders. Doctors may order it to treat muscle spasms that may accompany severe pain. Lorazepam may also be given with other drugs to help control nausea and vomiting associated with cancer treatment. It may be given just prior to the administration of chemotherapy to decrease the chances of suffering from these symptoms. Patients experiencing difficulty sleeping may also receive lorazepam as treatment.

This medication can sometimes be prescribed for other uses, but it is strongly recommended that you consult with your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Other uses for this medicine

It is sometimes given prior to surgery or other procedures to help the patient relax, feel drowsy, and decrease his or her memory about the procedure.

Nevertheless, it is important that you talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this drug for your particular condition.

Dosage and using this medicine

Lorazepam comes as a tablet and concentrate (liquid) to be taken orally. It is usually taken two or three times a day and may be taken with or without food.

Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.

Lorazepam concentrate (liquid) comes with a specially marked dropper for measuring the dose. Ask your pharmacist to show you how to use the dropper. To take it, simply dilute the concentrate in 1 ounce or more of water, juice, or carbonated beverages just before taking it. It can also be mixed with apple sauce or pudding just before taking the dose.

Please note that lorazepam can be habit-forming. Do not take a larger dose, take it more often, or for a longer time than directed by your doctor. Tolerance may develop with long-term or excessive use, making the drug less effective.

Additionally, do not take lorazepam for more than 4 months or stop taking this medication without talking to your doctor. Stopping the drug suddenly can worsen your condition and cause withdrawal symptoms (anxiousness, sleeplessness, and irritability). Your doctor probably will decrease your dose gradually.

What special precautions should I follow?

BEFORE TAKING LORAZEPAM:

Please inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to lorazepam, alprazolam (Xanax®), chlordiazepoxide (Librium®, Librax®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), estazolam (ProSom®), flurazepam (Dalmane®), oxazepam (Serax®), prazepam (Centrax®), temazepam (Restoril®), triazolam (Halcion®), or any other drugs.

Furthermore, tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription medications you are taking, especially antihistamines, digoxin (Lanoxin®), levodopa (Larodopa®, Sinemet®), medications for depression, seizures, pain, Parkinson’s disease, asthma, colds, or allergies, muscle relaxants, oral contraceptives, probenecid (Benemid®), rifampin (Rifadin®), sedatives, sleeping pills, theophylline (Theo-Dur®), tranquilizers, valproic acid (Depakene®), and vitamins. These medications may add to the drowsiness caused by lorazepam.

Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had glaucoma, seizures, lung, heart, or liver disease.

Additionally, be sure to let your doctor know if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking lorazepam, call your doctor immediately.

If you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking lorazepam.

You should know that this drug may make you drowsy. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this drug affects you. Remember that alcohol can add to the drowsiness caused by this drug.

Moreover, tell your doctor if you use tobacco products. Cigarette smoking may decrease the effectiveness of this drug.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the dose you missed and take only the next regularly scheduled dose.

Never take a double dose of this medication. A double dose could be dangerous.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Some common side effects from using lorazepam are:

  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • tiredness
  • weakness
  • dry mouth
  • diarrhea
  • upset stomach
  • changes in appetite

Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • restlessness or excitement
  • constipation
  • difficulty urinating
  • frequent urination
  • blurred vision
  • changes in sex drive or ability

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

  • shuffling walk
  • persistent, fine tremor or inability to sit still
  • fever
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • severe skin rash
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • irregular heartbeat

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).

Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Do not hesitate to talk with your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication, should it not be clear.

In case of an emergency/overdose

In the case of an overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. However, if the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call the local emergency services on 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include:

  • sleepiness
  • dizziness
  • confusion
  • a slow heart beat or difficulty in breathing
  • difficulty in walking and talking
  • an appearance of being drunk
  • unconsciousness

Product Images

PICTURES OF lorazepam PILLS

Below you will find images and specific information on the principal types of lorazepam that exist, including their respective brand name(s), strength, inscription codes and manufacturers.

The information below includes general information and guidelines for patients taking this medication and should never be used to substitute professional medical advice that can be provided by a qualified physician or family doctor.

Name: ATIVAN®
Strength(s): 0.5 MG
Imprint: WYETH 81
Manufacturer: BIOVAIL

Name: ATIVAN®
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: 2 65 WYETH
Manufacturer: WYETH PHARM.

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 0.5 MG
Imprint: RX 7
Manufacturer: RANBAXY

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 0.5 MG
Imprint: GG 91
Manufacturer: GENEVA

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 0.5 MG
Imprint: MP 6
Manufacturer: MAJOR PHARM.

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 1 MG
Imprint: WATSON 241 1
Manufacturer: WATSON LABS.

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 1 MG
Imprint: GG 92
Manufacturer: GENEVA

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 1 MG
Imprint: MYLAN 457
Manufacturer: MYLAN

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 1 MG
Imprint: RX 773
Manufacturer: RANBAXY

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 1 MG
Imprint: MP 39
Manufacturer: UNITED RESEARCH

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: MP 96
Manufacturer: MAJOR PHARM.

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: MYLAN 777
Manufacturer: MYLAN

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: RX 774
Manufacturer: RANBAXY

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: GG 93
Manufacturer: SANDOZ

Name: LORAZEPAM
Strength(s): 2 MG
Imprint: Watson 242 2
Manufacturer: WATSON LABS.

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